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Sigmund Freud's Theory
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How Piggy Represents Superego
One of the three parts of the mind Sigmund Freud has mentioned is superego. This is basically the “good” side of your mind. Superego is the conscious part that always believes in doing the right thing. It would be the part of your mind that makes you second think things, to think things over before you do or say them. Superego is basically the same thing as your conscience. The conscience makes you feel guilty for things that you have done, or things you are planning to do, the exact same thing superego would do. The superego “punishes” the ego by giving it feelings of guilt. The superego is the complete opposite of Id, and they battle each other in order to tell your ego what to do. Your ego tries to balance out the two parts of your mind. The superego would kind of be like you parents/guardians, it tries to tell you to do the right things and it is your choice whether to listen to them.
In the book "Lord of the Flies" by William Golding the character that best represents superego would be Piggy. Piggy is the one in the book who always tries to enforce the rules and follow them, just as what the superego is supposed to do. Piggy is the innocent good one that nobody wants to listen to because it is not fun to always follow the rules. Piggy and Jack are never really agreeing with each other, because Jack would represent id. Since the id and superego are always fighting to convince the ego to be on their side, it is like Jack and Piggy fight to change Ralph's mind. Piggy suggests things to Ralph, and so does Jack. Both Jack and Piggy's suggestions are complete opposites, so in the end, it is down to Ralph to decide who's idea he is going with. Ralph tries to balance out Jack and Piggy, just as the ego tries to balance out superego and id.
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