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Sigmund Freud's Theory
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Ego, is one of the three elements Sigmund Freud has studied. Ego is what mediates from the Id and the Superego. Ego is in the center of the balance of the mind, with id and superego on either side. Complete Id is being apathetic to anything not involving yourself, and complete Superego is being apathetic to anything involving yourself. All people are located somewhere along this line, and the closer you are to the middle, the healthier for you and your peers.
The novel Lord of the Flies, Ralph can be compared to ego in many points in the book. Throughout the book, Ralph was the highest power of the island. Although all the boys didn't look up to him in the way he always wanted. Ralph mainly demonstrated Sigmund Freud's theory of the Ego by being stuck between Piggy and Jack. Jack shows the Id and Piggy show the Superego. Ralph finds himself stuck between the two or with one or the other at one point in time. “Even though the ego finds itself in conflict with the id, satisfaction is not abandoned.” This quote proves how although Ralph finds himself wanting what Jack has, he sees the reality of it, allowing not wanting it any longer. Also, at many stages in the book Ralph proved Ego by not agreeing to Jack’s methods, and being responsible. “"There’s another thing. We can help them to find us. If a ship comes near the island they may not notice us. So we must make smoke on top of the mountain. We must make a fire." (Golding, 38) This quote shows that Ralph, being trustworthy and reliable thought it would be a better idea to make a fire for the island. At this point in the book, Jack thought it would be a better idea to go hunting than anything else. Ralph shows Ego by standing up to him, and doing the responsible and realistic thing in this situation. Lastly, Ralph shows he has Ego throughout the book by always thinking about it. “"What was the sensible thing to do? There was no Piggy to talk sense. There was no solemn assembly for debate nor dignity of the conch." (196) This quote proves Ralph is always thinking about what the sensible and realistic thing to do is, in every situation throughout the book. Therefore, Ralph has proven himself to show the Ego throughout the book.
In conclusion, Sigmund Freud’s theory of the parts of mind shows us that Ego is something everybody has and needs in order to be functional within themselves and with others. In the novel Lord of the Flies, by William Golding, the character Ralph has demonstrated the Ego throughout. He shows this by always thinking of the realistic way in any situation, by standing up to Jack when he finds his ideas too bizarre. Also, the Ego generally mediates the Id and the Superego, Ralph has done this by compromising and negotiating with both Jack and Piggy who demonstrated the Id and the Superego. “Conscious part of our mind that guides us in reality – the part of our mind where all conscious perceptions belong, such as reason or common sense” (Sigmund Freud, ch. 10 (Mind over Matter))jj
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